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Enzymes Can Speed Up Reactions

The new study about Enzymes was done by a group of researchers from Stanford University. All the living organisms in the universe have a different set of rules. In 18 and 19th centuries, this belief came to an end which gave rise to remarkable transformations.

Scientists understand that these transformations are powered by enzyme protein molecules composed of chains of amino acids that act to speed up, or catalyze, the conversion of one kind of molecule into another. They are the reason behind the reactions like digestion and fermentation and all of the chemical events that happen in every one of our cells that, left alone, would happen extraordinarily slowly.

Enzymes Can Speed Up ReactionsPolly Fordyce, an assistant professor of bioengineering and genetics at Stanford University said that a chemical reaction that would take longer than the lifetime of the universe to happen on its own can occur in seconds with the aid of Enzymes. Scientists do not know many details about the Enzymes, including their structures and the chemical groups they use to facilitate reactions, the details surrounding how their forms connect to their functions, and how they pull off their biochemical wizardry with such extraordinary speed and specificity.

The new study Dubbed HT-MEK short for High-Throughput Microfluidic Enzyme Kinetics the technique can compress years of work into just a few weeks by enabling thousands of enzyme experiments to be performed simultaneously. Dan Herschlag, a professor of biochemistry at Stanford’s School of Medicine and co-leader of the study, limits the ability to do enough experiments that have prevented us from truly dissecting and understanding Enzymes.

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