Calcium and potassium-rich diets may aid in preventing recurrent kidney stones with symptoms. In addition to the intense agony they can inflict, kidney stones are linked to cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and chronic kidney disease. You have a 30% probability of developing another kidney stone within five years if you’ve already had one.
To avoid symptomatic kidney stones returning again and again, physicians typically advise dietary adjustments. Unfortunately, there is limited information on dietary adjustments for people who only get kidney stones once vs those who do so often. Therefore, to evaluate dietary modifications’ effects, Mayo Clinic researchers created a prospective study. Their findings suggest that adding foods high in calcium and potassium to diets may help prevent recurring kidney stones symptoms.
The participants in the trial included a control group of 384 persons and 411 patients who had just developed their first symptoms of kidney stones. Dietary variables were based on a questionnaire given to patients who were all visited between 2009 and 2018 at Mayo Clinic in Rochester and Florida. The results demonstrate that reduced dietary calcium and potassium consumption, as well as decreased intake of fluids, caffeine, and phytate, are related with increased risks of developing a first-time symptomatic kidney stone. These findings will be published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Within a median of 4.1 years of follow-up among the patients who had stones for the first time, 73 of them developed stones again. Lower dietary calcium and potassium levels were found to be a predictor of recurrence, according to further investigation.